The beginnings of an era
Toyota wanted a sports car. In 1968 the Toyota engineers answered the call with the 2000GT, which unfortunately never made it to America. The Toyota 2000GT was a high-performance grand tourer that fully realized the skills of its designers and engineers through its long-nosed, balanced styling and six-cylinder, twin-cam engine. It garnered three world records and 13 international records, creating numerous legends as a high-performance car rivaling world standards.
Built upon a sturdy X-backbone frame, the 2000GT's 4-wheel independent suspension had double-wishbones front and back. The engine, a 1988cc DOHC 6-cylinder with 3 Solex carburetors, produced 150 horsepower. This could propel the car to a top speed of over 220km/h. The 2000GT also possessed exceptional durability and safety. Other features included a cross-ratio 5-speed transmission, limited slip differential, and Japan's first 4-wheel disc brakes with vacuum booster.
The next step
Now the Celica had been around for a while, but there had to be something faster and sportier. The first Celica Supra was introduced to America in 1979 as Toyota's response to the popular Datsun (Nissan) Z-Car. Built on a Celica chassis that was lengthened 5.1 inches, the Supra replaced the Celica's 4-cylinder with a 2.6-liter SOHC inline-6.
Next came the Celica Supra Mark II (or second generation). It looked like this:
The 1972 Mark II Hardtop
The 1976 Mark II Sedan (First generation Cressida in America)
The 1980 Mark II Sedan (Second generation Cressida in America)
The 1984 Mark II Hardtop (Third generation Cressida in America)
The 1988 Mark II Hardtop (Fourth generation Cressida in America)
The 1992 Mark II Hardtop
The 1996 Mark II Hardtop
The 2000 Mark II Hardtop
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The 2004 Mark II Hardtop
Toyota seems to have a four year pattern going on here, hmm?
Well I hope you enjoyed this little trip down memory lane. Here are some links that can educate you further:
Toyota Japan's Mark II Lineup (in Japanese)
Search Google for 2000GT
A great website dedicated to the Celica Supra
Toyota Japan's Museum. Everything is in English.
Supra Owners Group International
Toyota's Pressroom on the Supra - Cached copy